Atmospheric Dynamics Modeling Group

Atmospheric Dynamics Modeling Group / Education


Organizing Team: Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan), Sudhir Shresta (ESRI), Orhun Aydin (ESRI), Vipin Kumar (University of Minnessota), Imme EbertUphoff (Colorado State University), Daniel Cooley (Colorado State University), Amy McGovern (University of Oklahoma), Kevin Reed (Stony Brook University)
The workshop presented (see the presentations here) how novel data science, data mining, and artificial intelligence techniques can innovate and inform atmospheric modeling practices, physical process studies, knowledge discovery, and the use of massive datasets and observational studies. Particular attention was paid to machine learning concepts, and how machine learning techniques can be enhanced to become aware of physical constraints. The workshop has been highly interdisciplinary. Tutoriallike overview talks first outlined the data science and machine learning opportunities and challenges for the atmospheric sciences. These concepts were then further explored via short application examples and case studies. Participants came from academia, U.S. national research laboratories and funding agencies, international institutions, and industry. The workshop brought together weather and climate researchers, data scientists, statisticians, engineers, tech companies, program managers, educators, students, and other stakeholders to discuss newly emerging data science and machine learning opportunities for the atmospheric sciences. This provided a diverse and stimulating discussion forum to foster future collaborations and partnerships.
Photo: Snapshot from the AGU 2018 Data Science and Machine Learning workshop (photo credit: ESRI)

Boulder, CO, June, 6  June, 17 2016
Organized by Paul Ullrich (University of California, Davis), Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan), Kevin Reed (Stony Brook University), Colin Zarzycki (NCAR), James Kent (University of South Wales, U.K.), Peter H. Lauritzen (NCAR) and Ramachandran D. Nair (NCAR)
We have organized a summer school and model intercomparison workshop with special focus on the newest nonhydrostatic global models. We invited students, postdocs and the international dynamical core modeling community to join us at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR, Boulder, CO) for 2 weeks from June/617/2016 for an exciting studentfocused and researchdriven event that led to an unprecedented dynamical core intercomparison project. The new aspects were that DCMIP2016 focused very strongly on idealized dynamical core test cases with simple moisture feedbacks to assess the physicsdynamics coupling and interactions. As DCMIP2012, DCMIP2016 has been endorsed by the WMO Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (WGNE). The summer school and model intercomparison workshop is supported by cyberinfrastucture tools like shared workspaces via the Earth System CoG environment.
We explore new test techniques for nonhydrostatic models that are also applicable at hydrostatic scales. Examples are a new moist baroclinic wave test case without topography (applicable to both shallowatmosphere and deepatmosphere dynamical core equation sets) and a tropical cyclone test case of intermediate complexity that not only assesses the dynamical core but also includes a 'simple physics' package with a Kesslertype warmrain scheme. It lets us investigate nonlinear interactions and the physicsdynamics coupling. The third test is a supercell system on a reducedsize Earth that gives insight into nonhydrostatic motions at low computational cost.
Photo: Participants of DCMIP2016 at the NCAR Center Green Lab in June 2016 (photo: UCAR copyright)

Boulder, CO, July, 30  August, 10 2012
Organized by Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan), Paul Ullrich (University of California, Davis), James Kent (University of South Wales, U.K.), Kevin Reed (Stony Brook University), Peter H. Lauritzen (NCAR), Ramachandran D. Nair (NCAR) and Mark Taylor (Sandia National Laboratories)
In 2012, we organized a summer school and model intercomparison workshop with special focus on nonhydrostatic global models which are under development right now. We invited students and the international dynamical core modeling community to join us at the National Center for Atmospheric Resaearch (NCAR, Boulder, CO) for 2 weeks from July/30August/10/2012 for an exciting studentfocused and researchdriven event that will led to an unprecedented dynamical core intercomparison project, even broader in scale than our 2008 workshop. The event has been endorsed by the WMO Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (WGNE). The summer school and model intercomparison workshop was supported by newly developed cyberinfrastucture tools like shared workspaces that we developed in collaboration with NOAA and NCAR under an NSF grant.
We explored new test techniques for nonhydrostatic models that are also applicable at hydrostatic scales. Examples are our newly developed tropical cyclone test case of intermediate complexity that not only assesses the dynamical core but also includes a 'simple physics' package. It lets us investigate nonlinear interactions and the physicsdynamics coupling. Other test cases include 'small Earth' experiments that give insight into nonhydrostatic motions at low computational cost.
Photo: Participants of DCMIP2012 at the NCAR Foothill Lab in August 2012

Boulder, CO, June 113, 2008
Organized by Peter H. Lauritzen (NCAR), Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan), Mark Taylor (Sandia National Laboratories) and Ramachandran D. Nair (NCAR)
The 2week summer colloquium titled "Numerical Techniques for Global Atmospheric Models" surveyed the latest developments in numerical methods for the dynamical cores of Atmospheric General Circulation Models. The objectives of the colloquium were (1) to teach a large group of about 40 graduate students in atmospheric science and mathematics how today's and future dynamical cores are or need to be built, (2) to invite over 10 dynamical core modeling groups to NCAR for an unprecedented studentrun dynamical core intercomparison project, (3) to establish new dynamical core test cases in the community and (4) to invite keynote speakers to NCAR that give lectures on modern numerical techniques and innovative computational meshes. More information can also be found on NCAR's CISL webpage.
Photo: Participants of the NCAR ASP 2008 Colloquium on Numerical Techniques for Global Atmospheric Models.
Photo: Organizers of the NCAR ASP 2008 Colloquium on Numerical Techniques for Global Atmospheric Models. Left to right: Ram Nair, Peter Lauritzen, Mark Taylor, Christiane Jablonowski

The Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IPAM) is an NSF Math Institute on the campus of UCLA in Los Angeles, CA.
In the spring of 2010 (March 8  June 11, 2010) IPAM held a 13week long program on Model and Data Hierarchies for Simulating and Understanding Climate.
There were four oneweek workshops and a weeklong tutorialworkshop (first week) embedded into the long program. The themes of the four workshops
addressed (1) the equation sets for climate modeling, (2) the numerical methods and hierarchies, (3) the subgridscale physics parameterizations and (4) data analysis and assimilation aspects.
We were involved in several of the IPAM events. Prof. Jablonowski was a speaker at the tutorialworkshop, and an organizer (& speaker) of Workshop II: Numerical Hierarchies for Climate Modeling.
Figure: Adaptive Mesh Simulation with a Finite Volume shallow water model (StCyr, Jablonowski et al., MWR 2008). The figure shows the relative vorticity field at day 6 of a barotropically unstable wave. Nonuniform resolutions and other topics were discussed at the IPAM Workshop II in April 2010.

For over 16 years Prof. Jablonowski has been collaborating with Prof. Quentin Stout (Computer Science and Engineering, University of Michigan) on the Parallel Computing tutorial 'Parallel Computing 101' which we update substantially every year.
This tutorial provides a comprehensive overview of parallel
computing, emphasizing those aspects most relevant to the user.
It discusses software and hardware, with an emphasis on standards, portability, and systems
that are widely available.
The tutorial surveys basic parallel computing concepts, using
examples selected from largescale engineering and scientific
problems. These examples illustrate using MPI on distributed
memory systems, OpenMP on shared memory systems,
and MPI+OpenMP on hybrid systems. It discusses numerous
parallelization approaches, and software engineering and performance
improvement aspects, including the use of stateoftheart tools.
The tutorial helps attendees make intelligent decisions by covering
the primary options that are available, explaining how they are used
and what they are most suitable for. Extensive pointers to the
literature and webbased resources are provided to facilitate
followup studies. In recent years, the number of participants has exceeded 100. Among the participants are managers, students, commercial employees, researchers and software engineers from national research centers. Most recently, we taught it at SuperComputing '16 in Salt Lake City, UT, in November 2016 and at MASA Langley (May 2017). We will teach the tutorial again on Nov/12/2017 at SuperComputing '17 in Denver, CO.
Photo: Christiane Jablonowski and Quentin Stout at SuperComputing '07 in Reno, NV. The photo was taken by Ed Burnette who wrote about the Parallel Computing tutorial in his blog.
Video Promotion for 'Parallel Computing 101': Fullday tutorial at the SuperComputing Conference Series
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The sophomore course Earth System Dynamics gives an introduction to the dynamics of the atmosphere, oceans and the solid earth.
The course introduces the equations of motion that govern the motions of the Earth's Systems. We derive the full equation set and then discuss various approximations to study the components of the Earth's system. The first half of the course addresses the dynamics of the atmosphere and climate system. Special attention is paid to the dominant balances in the atmosphere, like the geostrophic balance or hydrostatic balance. The second half of the course focuses on ocean, cryosphere and solid Earth dynamics, and is taught by a faculty member from the UM Department of Geological Sciences. The course is quantitative and based on physical and mathematical principles.
Figure: Satellite image of the NASA Terra satellite, The image shows two spiraling storms, formed simultaneously above Iceland and Scotland on Jan/2/1007. The air in the low pressure systems rotates counterclockwise as expected in the Northern Hemisphere.
The lecture notes (PowerPoint files) for the first half of the course can be downloaded here. These are the lecture notes from the Winter 2009 term:
1 Introduction to the course
2 Characteristics of the atmosphere
3 Ideal gas law, hydrostatic equation, hypsometric equation, mathematical tools
4 Vorticity, divergence, spherical coordinates
5 Material derivative, advection, pressure gradient force (surface force)
6 & 7 Viscous force, gravitational force, introduction to apparent forces
8 Centrifugal force, gravity, Coriolis force
9 Momentum equations, scale analysis, geostrophic balance, hydrostatic balance
10 Continuity equation, thermodynamic equation, total energy equation
11 Potential temperature (Poisson equation), dry adiabatic lapse rate, static stability, BruntVaisala frequency
12 Vertical pressure coordinate, thermal wind relationship
13 Equations of motion in pressure coordinates, pressure tendency equation, evolution of an idealized low

This graduatelevel course provides an indepth discussion of atmospheric motions. We start with a review of the equations of motion and dominant balances, and briefly remind ourselves of the quasigeostrophic theory. This is our background knowledge. We then discuss waves and instabilities in the atmosphere. This includes the derivation of dispersion relations and a discussion of barotropic, baroclinic, inertial, KelvinHelmholtz and static instabilities. The course reviews the general circulation of the atmosphere including the Hadley cells, planetary and equatorial waves and gives an overview of the dynamics of the middle atmosphere. We address the wavemean flow interaction, wavenumberfrequency diagrams, the mean and transformed Eulerian mean circulation, tropical meteorology, energy and angular momentum budgets, and atmospheric modeling.
Figure: WheelerKiladis
wavenumberfrequency diagrams based on ECMWF's ERA40 reanalysis data set. Left: wavenumberfrequency spectrum for temperature during JanJun
1980 at 50mb altitude, averaged between 10S10N. Kelvin
wave stands out, with wavenumber of about 1 and period of
1520 days. Right:
wavenumberfrequency diagram for temperature during JunNov 1980
at 30mb altitude, averaged between 10S10N. A
RossbyGravity wave signal can be picked out at about wavenumber
45, with a frequency of about 35 days.

The course discusses how atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) are or need to be built, thereby exposing the many design choices atmospheric modelers face. The course addresses both the dynamical cores of GCMs and selected physical parameterizations. It is a handson class with journal article reviews and many modeling projects that lets us explore NCAR's newest Community Earth System Model CESM. We utilize modern software and hardware technologies, shared Wikibased workspaces, learn about numerical methods, model uncertainties and the coupling of model components, develop computing skills and deal with data.
Figure: Left: Example of an idealized simulation with the NCAR FiniteVolume (FV) dynamical core. The figure shows the 850 hPa temperature field of an idealized baroclinic wave as
documented by Jablonowski and Williamson (QJ, 2006) and in the Jablonowski and Williamson NCAR Technical Report TN469+STR (2006). Right: Example of a model grid (figure taken from David Noone's web page at the University of Colorado, Boulder).
Figure: Cubedsphere and hexagonal computational grids on the sphere which are discussed in the course.

Latest update: January 31st, 2019

