Atmospheric Dynamics Modeling Group

Atmospheric Dynamics Modeling Group / Workshops

Emerging Data Science and Machine Learning Opportunities in the Weather and Climate Sciences

AGU 2018 Workshop, Washington D.C., Dec/13/2018

Organizing Team: Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan), Sudhir Shresta (ESRI), Orhun Aydin (ESRI), Vipin Kumar (University of Minnessota), Imme Ebert-Uphoff (Colorado State University), Daniel Cooley (Colorado State University), Amy McGovern (University of Oklahoma), Kevin Reed (Stony Brook University)

Motivation:The disciplines of atmospheric science and data science are at a crossroads and about to experience scientific breakthroughs that are comparable to the revolution in bioinformatics over the last decade. Increasing volume and variety of weather and climate data has been driving the analysis towards scalable data-driven methods to complement and in some instances to replace traditional approaches. This multidisciplinary workshop brought together weather and climate researchers, data scientists, statisticians, engineers, tech companies, program managers, educators, students, and other stakeholders to discuss newly emerging data science and machine learning opportunities for the atmospheric sciences. In particular, high-impact weather and climate events served as the science driver to motivate the novel field of physics-aware, theory-guided data science. The agenda of the workshop is linked here.

Photos: Snapshots from the AGU 2018 Data Science and Machine Learning workshop (bottom photo by ESRI)

Outcomes: The 150 workshop participants experienced how novel data science, data mining, and artificial intelligence techniques can innovate and inform atmospheric modeling practices, physical process studies, knowledge discovery, and the use of massive datasets and observational studies. Particular attention was paid to machine learning concepts, and how machine learning techniques can be enhanced to become aware of physical constraints. The workshop was highly interdisciplinary. Tutorial-like overview talks first outlined the data science and machine learning opportunities and challenges for the atmospheric sciences. These concepts were then further explored via short application examples and case studies. Presenters and participants came from academia, U.S. national research laboratories and funding agencies, international institutions, and industry. This provided a diverse and stimulating discussion forum to foster future collaborations and partnerships.

Grand Challenges, Science Drivers and Methods (Technical Forum)

Dawn Wright, Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)

1 Overview of Spatial Machine Learning Scientific Data Computing and Analytics in GIS

Vipin Kumar, University of Minnesota

2 Big Data in Weather and Climate Sciences: Opportunities and Challenges for Data Science and Machine Learning

Imme Ebert-Uphoff, Colorado State University

3 Causal discovery for the geosciences & strategies for successful collaboration between geoscientists and data scientists

Stephan Rasp, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

4 Deep learning to represent subgrid processes in climate models: first successes and key challenges

Ryan Lagerquist, University of Oklahoma

5 Making the black box more transparent: Understanding the Physical Implications of Machine Learning?

Orhun Aydin, Sudhir Shresta, ESRI

6 Live demonstration of machine learning approaches and GIS tools

Key atmospheric science machine learning activities & interests & experiences (Stakeholder Forum)

Machine learning application exemplars and discussion of emerging trends from a weather and climate sciences/geoscience perspective:
Collection of short highlight presentations from a broad range of stakeholders

Anuj Karpatne, Virginia Tech

7 Physics-guided Machine Learning: Opportunities in Combining Physical Knowledge with Data Science for Weather and Climate Sciences

Karthik Kashinath, NERSC

8 Deep Learning for classification, detection, segmentation and tracking of extreme weather and climate events

Richard Loft, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

9 NCAR’s Progress in & Perspectives on Data Science and Machine Learning

John Williams, The Weather Company, an IBM Business

10 Some frontiers in AI for Applied Meteorology

Joshua Kacker, Jupiter

11 Hazard projections augmented by machine learning

Mike Little, NASA

12 Sociology of Analytics Services

Latest update: January 31st, 2019