Reference Material

CYGNSS Mission

  1. Ruf, C., P. Chang, M.P. Clarizia, S. Gleason, Z. Jelenak, J. Murray, M. Morris, S. Musko, D. Posselt, D. Provost, D. Starkenburg, V. Zavorotny, CYGNSS Handbook, Ann Arbor, MI, Michigan Pub., ISBN 978-1-60785-380-0, 154 pp, 1 Apr 2016. [handbook]
  2. Ruf, C. S., R. Atlas, P. S. Chang, M. P. Clarizia, J. L. Garrison, S. Gleason, S. J. Katzberg, Z. Jelenak, J. T. Johnson, S. J. Majumdar, A. O’Brien, D. J. Posselt, A. J. Ridley, R. J. Rose, V. U. Zavorotny,“ New Ocean Winds Satellite Mission to Probe Hurricanes and Tropical Convection,” Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00218.1, pp385-395, Mar 2016. [paper]
  3. Murray, J., C. Ruf, N. Baker, T. Lang, E. Uhlhorn, D. Masters, G. Halliwell, K. Carey, D. Helms, V. Escobar, W. McCarty, D.S. Green, T. Stough and A. Molthan, “Report on the NASA CYGNSS Mission Applications Workshop,” May 2015. [paper]
  4. Ruf, C., A. Lyons, M. Unwin, J. Dickinson, R. Rose, D. Rose and M. Vincent, “CYGNSS: Enabling the Future of Hurricane Prediction,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Mag., Vol. 1, No. 2, 52-67, doi: 10.1109/MGRS.2013.2260911, 2013. [paper]
  5. Ruf, C., A. Lyons and A. Ward, “NASA Intensifies Hurricane Studies with CYGNSS,” The Earth Observer, NASA, Vol. 25, Issue 3, 12-21, May-June 2013. [paper]
  6. Back to top

GNSS Overview

  1. Clarizia, M. P., "Investigating the Effect of Ocean Waves on GNSS-R Microwave Remote Sensing Measurements," Ph.D. diss., Univ. Southampton, 258 pp, 2012. [ paper]
  2. Gleason, S., “Remote Sensing of Ocean, Ice and Land Surfaces Using Bistatically Scattered GNSS Signals from Low Earth Orbit,” Ph.D. diss., University of Surrey, UK, 213 pp, 2006. [paper]
  3. Back to top

Ocean Surface Scattering

  1. Clarizia, M. P., C. Gommenginger, M. Di Bisceglie, C. Galdi and M. A. Srokosz, “Simulation of L-Band Bistatic Returns from the Ocean Surface: A Facet Approach With Application to Ocean GNSS Reflectometry,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 50, No. 3, March 2012. [paper]
  2. Gleason, S., C. Gommenginger and D. Cromwell, “Fading Statistics and Sensing Accuracy of Ocean Scattered GNSS and Altimetry Signals,” Journal of Advances in Space Research, Vol. 46, Issue 2, 2010. [paper]
  3. Zavorotny, V. U. and A. G. Voronovich, “Scattering of GPS Signals from the Ocean with Wind Remote Sensing Application,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 38, No. 2, March 2000. [paper]
  4. Garrison, J.L. and S.J. Katzberg, "Effect of sea roughness on bistatically scattered range coded signals from the Global Positioning System," Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 25, No.13, pp 2257-2260, July 1, 1998. [paper]
  5. Back to top

Aircraft Observations

  1. Katzberg, S. J., J. Dunion, and G. G. Ganoe, "The use of reflected GPS signals to retrieve ocean surface wind speeds in tropical cyclones," Radio Sci., 48, 371­387, doi:10.1002/rds.20042, 2013. [paper]
  2. Katzberg, S. J., O. Torres, and G. Ganoe, “Calibration of Reflected GPS for Tropical Storm Wind Speed Retrievals,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, L18602, doi:10.1029/2006GL026825, September 2006. [paper]
  3. Komjathy, A., M. Armatys, D. Masters, P. Axelrad, V. Zavorotny, S. Katzberg, “Retrieval of Ocean Surface Wind Speed and Wind Direction Using Reflected GPS Signals,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 21(3), 515-526, 2004. [paper]
  4. Garrison, J. L., A. Komjathy, V. U. Zavorotny and S. J. Katzberg, “Wind Speed Measurement Using Forward Scattered GPS Signals,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 40, No. 1, January 2002. [paper]
  5. Katzberg, S.J., R.A.Walker, J. H. Roles, T. Lynch, and P.G. Black, “First GPS signals reflected from the interior of a tropical storm: Preliminary results from Hurricane Michael,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 28. No. 10, May 15, 2001. [paper]
  6. Back to top

Previous Spaceborne Observations

  1. Clarizia, M.P., C. Ruf, P. Cipollini and C. Zuffada, “First Spaceborne Observation of Sea Surface Height Using GPS Reflectometry," Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, doi:10.1002/2015GL066624, 2016. [paper]
  2. Clarizia, M. P., Ruf, C.; Jales, P. and Gommenginger, C., “Spaceborne GNSS-R Minimum Variance Wind Speed Estimator,” IEEE Trans Geosci. Remote Sens., 52(11), 6829-6843, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2014.2303831, Nov. 2014. [paper]
  3. Clarizia, M. P., C. P. Gommenginger, S. T. Gleason, M. A. Srokosz, C. Galdi, and M. Di Bisceglie, “Analysis of GNSS-R Delay-Doppler Maps from the UK-DMC Satellite over the Ocean,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, L02608, doi:10.1029/2008GL036292, 2009. [paper]
  4. Gleason, S., S. Hodgart, Y. Sun, C. Gommenginger, S. Mackin, M. Adjrad, and M. Unwin, “Detection and Processing of Bistatically Reflected GPS Signals from Low Earth Orbit for the Purpose of Ocean Remote Sensing,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 43, No. 6, June 2005. [paper]
  5. Back to top

NASA Ames Research Center
University of Michigan
Southwest Research Institute of Texas
Surrey Satellite Technology of Colorado